Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Process of canning effects on vegetables

From the textural standpoint, vegetables may be divided into those that are eaten raw and valued primarily for their crispness, those that are eaten cooked and valued for their softness and those that can be consumed in either form such as cauliflower and carrots.

Vegetables like peas, beans, greens are sometimes canned. The retention of original color is of great importance effecting the marketability and consumer response.

In the process of canning, vegetables are heated to destroy spoilage disease causing microorganisms.
Such heat treatments also produce a number of of undesirable chemical and textural changes in the vegetables. The textural changes are due to partial destruction of the cell wall and cell membrane.

Blanching, plus the strong heat treatments applied to nonacid vegetables, appears to be responsible for the large vitamin losses in canning.

Heat treatments also cause chemical alteration of the green pigment chlorophyll, thus resulting in a processed vegetable with less green color.

During canning chlorophyll gets converted to pheophytin due to the high temperature used. Sometimes to retain the color and to neutralize the acid, alkali is added.
Process of canning effects on vegetables

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

The most popular articles